Saturday, December 13, 2008, I will give a key note address on "Challenges of Real-Time Decision Support" at the AIS SIG DSS pre-ICIS workshop. The agenda is on the web at URL http://dssresources.com/news/2695.php. If you are in Paris, join us.
This year, 2008, marks the 50th anniversary of the first, sophisticated real-time decision support system. The SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) Air Defense system project was begun in 1954 and the first "Direction Center" building went operational at McGuire Air Force Base in 1958.
The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system was the first major real-time, computer-based command and control system.
"The SAGE system was fully deployed in 1963; the 24 SAGE Direction Centers and three SAGE Combat Centers were spread throughout the U.S. Each was linked by long-distance telephone lines to more than 100 interoperating air defense elements, requiring system integration on a scale previously unimagined. At the heart of each center was a new large-scale digital computer that had evolved from MIT's experimental Whirlwind computer of the 1950's. The largest real-time computer program of that time, it automated information flow, processed and presented data to 100 operator stations, and provided control information to the weapons systems. This processed information, including aircraft tracks and identification, was presented to operators on a cathode ray tubeâ€”one of the first uses of this device to display computer-generated data. In spite of this complexity, remarkable for its time, SAGE exceeded virtually all the original stringent requirements, and was continuously in operation for more than 25 years. (cf., Mitre)"
SAGE had an enormous impact on the decision support possibilities in 2008.
Posted December 10, 2008 8:32 AM
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